Organic gardeners use untreated open-pollinated seed. Open-pollinated seed varieties are selected for consistent vigour, nutrient levels and flavour. You can save mature seeds from these varieties because they reproduce true to type. The benefit of saving seed from your own crops is that the seed will have come from plants that have adapted to your local growing conditions.
Sometimes you will see ‘F1’ after the name of a seed variety. This is hybrid seed where two parent plants have been self-pollinated under controlled conditions for up to 10 generations before the parents are cross-pollinated to produce their first filial (offspring) seed – known as F1 seed. So-called hybrid vigour only exists for one generation, as seed collected from plants grown from hybrid seed is either sterile or reverts to the characteristics of one parent. Consequently, it is not worthwhile trying to save seed from hybrid plants.
You can find more about different types of seed, including GM seed, in my book Easy organic Gardening and Moon Planting, pp 138–140.
Open-pollinated vegetable, herb, flowering annual and green manure seeds are available from a range of suppliers, including those listed below. Seed packets are approximately $3.00-$3.80 each. Seeds from some suppliers can be purchased at retail outlets and some have on-line catalogues for easy browsing. The eastern mainland states of Australia can order seed by mail from other states if there are no local suppliers, but Tasmania and Western Australia have restrictions on some species of seed. Suppliers for Tasmania and Western Australia are listed separately.
Greenpatch Organic Seeds (NSW) – www.greenpatchseeds.com.au
A wide range including bulk seed and a green manure mix. Seed is also available from some retail nurseries.
Ph: (02) 6551 4240 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies (Qld) – www.greenharvest.com.au
A wide range including green manure mixes (inoculants included), and organic gardening products.
Ph: (07) 5435 2699 email: email@example.com
Eden Seeds (Qld) – www.edenseeds.com.au
A wide range including bulk seed and green manure mixes (inoculants included if available). Seed is also available from some retail nurseries.
Eden Seeds also have a certified organic range of seed (some imported) at – www.selectorganic.com.au
Eden Seeds and Select Organic Ph/Fax: (07) 5533 1108
Heirloom Harvest (SA) www.heirloomharvest.com.au
A good range of traditional, heirloom, open-pollinated vegetable and herb seeds.
Fair Dinkum Seeds (QLD) http://fairdinkumseeds.com/
An interesting range of open-pollinated vegetable, herb and ornamental seeds, including some unusual varieties.
Email form on website.
Mr Fothergills Seeds (NSW) – www.mrfothergills.com.au/
A limited range of certified organic seed, but mostly hybrid seed.
Available from some retail nurseries.
Ph: (02) 45775457 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Diggers Seeds (Vic) – www.diggers.com.au
A limited range of certified organic seed, but mostly open-pollinated seed and some hybrid seed. Seeds are cheaper for members of Diggers Club.
Ph: 03 5987 1877 email: email@example.com
The Seed Savers Network www.seedsavers.net
This network saves and shares open-pollinated seeds. Phone/fax: 02 66856624
Cornucopia Seeds (Vic) www.cornucopiaseeds.com.au
Open-pollinated and heirloom seed, and organic gardening supplies.
Ph: (03) 5457 1230 Send email from web site.
Open-pollinated vegetable, herb and flower seed, and some hybrid seed.
Voice mail: (03) 6267 9663 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Four Seasons Herbs – www.fourseasonherbs.com.au/shop/
Organically grown open-pollinated vegetable and herb seed.
Ph: 0412 721 268 email: email@example.com
Bay Seed Garden
Organic seed producers of non-hybrid and heritage vegetable, herb and flower seed. List available – send 1x55c stamp.
Ph: (08) 9752 2513 Mail: PO Box 1164 Busselton WA 6280
The Greenhouse – www.thegreenhouseorganic.com
Organic vegetable and herb seed. Seed is also available from some retail outlets.
Ph: 0400 239 258 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Eden Seeds (Qld) – www.edenseeds.com.au
Has green manure mixes (inoculants included if available) that can be shipped to WA.
Eden Seeds Ph/Fax: (07) 5533 1108